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December 22, 2011

 Happy holidays from all of us here at The Wet Spot! 

One of my favorite rivers is the Rio Orinoco. It winds its way for over 1,300 miles through the countries of Colombia and Venezuela in South America. This long trip starts at what is called the Upper Orinoco. The first 150 mile long stretch begins at the mountainous rapids known as the Raudales de Guaharibos. From here, the river divides into two sections known as the Middle Orinoco. The next 300 miles follow along the Rio Atabapo and Rio Guaviare. After that, 170 miles of the river will turn northward to make the borders of the two countries and develop into a flood plain. The Lower Orinoco will travel through Venezuela for another 600 miles along a well-formed plain and spill into the Atures rapids. Finally, the last 120 miles is called the Delta Amacuro and the river will finish its journey into the Gulf of Paría.

 

The Orinoco is home to one of the most popular Hatchet fishes in the aquarium hobby. Carnigiella strigata “Marble Hatchetfish” spend most of their time living near the surface among densely planted biotopes. Marble Hatchets can be found feeding on insects that make the mistake of falling into the water column. In the aquarium, they are often fussy eaters and getting them to eat can be a little difficult at first. Luckily, for you, we’ve done all the work of conditioning them to getting used to a lifestyle fit for a king and are now happily feeding on flake. Just be sure not to put in heavy amounts all at once, for any food that drops below the surface will more than likely be ignored. I always suggest keeping these fish in large groups, as this will make the 1.5” fish feel like its back home in the Rio hidden under the canopy. Make sure to cover the aquarium well, as Hatchet fish are the only known species of fish to actually employ the power of flight by using a series of muscles and specially designed fins and frame - unlike its marine cousins who use a gliding technique. Just one more reason freshwater fish are cooler than marine!

Carnegiella strigata

 

Have no worries if some flakes fall into the water column because I’m sure Hyphessobrycon colombianus “Red and Blue Colombian Tetras” will quickly devour any thing that gets past the Hatchet Fish. Commonly found in the Rio Acandi drainage of slow moving creeks, the Red and Blue Colombian Tetra looks its best in a dark setting. The dim lighting will bring out the pale blue body to a near shine, and accent it with those marvelously colored red fins. It is often known as a fin nipper, but if you keep them in larger numbers they seem to do well and keep their bickering within their own group. Its 2.5” size can be intimidating to smaller fish such as Apistogrammas, therefore, I suggest housing them with our next tank mate…

Hyphessobrycon colombianus

 

Geophagus abalios! The divine colorations of reds, blues, and oranges are intense against the 8” of the green body. Even with this larger size, it’s incredible to know that these fish are benthophagus feeders – meaning they feed on microorganisms hidden in the substrate! G. abalios and the rest of Geophagini tribes pick up large amounts of sand and sift out the edible items. The rest of the sand is disbursed through their gills. This is why they are called “earth eaters”. It is highly recommended to have a sandy substrate because gravel can cause damage to the gills. I have kept these before and I feel that it is essential for the overall health of the fish to sift through the sand. I also believe they get needed nutrients not only from the pellets or bloodworms we feed them, but from the organisms they are able to find on their own.

Geophagus abalios

Geophagus abalios

 

Once again, another week has passed. Like always, be sure to see our products link for this week’s price list. As the year ends, it seems like the weeks are getting shorter. Maybe it’s just me, as I am a little spoiled around here with all the cool and unusual items I see on a daily basis. I hope you all have a wonderful holiday spent with the people you care about – Merry Fishmas to all and to all a good night.

 

Anthony Perry
Sales Manager

December 14, 2011

 During the Holidays is a good time to reminisce….

I remember when I was about 12 years old or so, my mom, sister, and I were at a garage sale in the neighborhoods of Yakima in eastern Washington. There for sale was a 10-gallon aquarium with a little box filter and a heater. I begged my mother to let me get it. I promised to clean it once a week and to do my chores every Saturday. Because ever since I saw my dad’s aquarium, I had always wanted one of my own. He had a 125-gallon aquarium in his living room and I would spend hours watching his two 15” Silver Arowanas (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum) skimming the surface of the tank with ease. And on the bottom was a Pictus Cat (Pimelodus pictus), which swam up and down the sides of the aquarium. My dad encouraged my fish keeping interest by telling me the pictus cat was mine! So, with a little convincing my mother let me get the tank.

Little did I know the box filter was not the best filtration system – the box would always fill up with air and float to the surface. I tried to put rocks in it to keep it down, but that took away space from the filter pads. Doing the best I could, I finally got the filter stabile enough to where it didn’t keep floating to the top. And I was finally able to get my mother to take me to the local pet store. My first real experience with the pet store would not be the best. I told the salesman of my new purchase with the excitement of a kid in a candy store. He asked what I wanted to buy and fill the tank with immediately? I replied, “A Pictus Cat!” Of course! To this day, I don’t remember why or how, but I went home with my favorite catfish. The tank, obviously being new, would have an ammonia spike a few short days into the cycle and I would lose my whiskered friend to the toxin. It was a sad loss that quickly ended my fish keeping days until I would move out of my parents’ house.

Today, I know better about cycling a tank and what to put into a tank that will not outgrow it and have plenty of room to swim. I’m glad to say I have found a new kitty that comes from the Pyu stream of southern Myanmar and won’t need a tank the size of Manhattan. Reaching only 2” in length Akysis longifilis “Orange Marbled Cat” is perfect for smaller aquaria. What’s even better about their small stature? You can keep them with your micro fish! Who doesn’t love a catfish that won’t eat small fish?! The Orange Marbled Cat feed mainly on crustaceans and insect larvae in the wild. In an aquarium, they tend to avoid prepared foods. I was able to get my Ayksis types to munch on frozen bloodworms just fine. I also found they are actually more comfortable in cooler water conditions and will thrive around the low 70’s. In fact, one interesting fact I learned about its cousin, Akysis vespa “Burmese Bumblebee Cat” (which I kept for about a year), was that the fish was recorded spawning at 44° F! Now that’s cold!

Akysis longifilis

This next fish I know is sure to please many of you and would go perfect with the Orange Cat. Since, I’ve had several requests for Danio tinwini “Burmese Gold Ring Danios”, I jumped at the chance to order more for you Danio lovers out there. These are incredibly beautiful for being a small grey colored fish. The body of the Gold Ring Danio will grow to just over an inch and display blue colored spots that form into a solid line, while the stomach remains white. The fins are iridescent and also display the blue spots. The fish are found in the Mogaung stream and it is likely the Gold Ring Danio probably feeds on insects and their larvae. In an aquarium, they are much like most Danios and will happily feed on most prepared foods. Keep in mind, these are shoaling fish that should be kept in larger numbers to remain happy.

Danio tinwinii

I know the ever so popular Dario dario “Scarlet Badis” is loved by many of you, but I like to keep fish that no one else does. They may look like a brown boring fish when young, but when they grow, Badis ruber “Burmese Red Neon Badis”, to their 2.4” size, the males turn a gorgeous red color with blue spots running down the body. The Red Neon Badis are usually quite peaceful. I kept mine with a variety of fish without much problems of aggression. On occasion, I would notice the dominant male pushing the others away from his cave. Despite his small size he would constantly flash his tiny frame off at me, as if telling me he was ready to duel a giant. I would feed frozen bloodworms. But what I found they really enjoyed was frozen glassworms. They would go nuts for these things. The male would try to escort his females into the breeding caves every time I would feed the glassworms. Because of this, I feel that a note should be made here to not keep them with your Neocaridina or Caridina shrimps as they will most likely end up on the menu!

Badis ruber

I will certainly never forget my first experience with the 10-gallon aquarium. It’s what inspired me to do the planted aquarium you saw on the last newsletter. It just goes to show you that with a little work and lots of patience, you can turn something little into something big. What fish keeping experience comes to mind for you?

Be sure to check out the products link below for the current list. As always I’ll be here next week for another enlightening article for you to enjoy. Until next time!

Anthony Perry
Sales Manager

November 22, 2011

 

Lions! Tigers! And catfishes! Oh my!

Wait… That’s not right? Oh well, there may just be a monster hidden under the driftwood of your aquarium. Perhaps, I should recommend watching episode 2 of season one, “River Monsters” on Animal Planet. You’ll find my favorite TV host, Jeremy Wade, angle in a giant Bagarius yalleri- or as locals like to call it, The Goonch. This fish measured 5’7” long and weighed over 160 pounds. Now that’s what I call a monster for all you loving large fish people.

This week, The Wet Spot was able to acquire Bagarius bagarius “Indian Devil Cat”. According to planetcatfish.com, and I’m not sure if I fully believe it, but, this species only reaches a maximum size of 8”- far from the man-eating ghoul that it’s cousin grows to be. Now don’t worry, you won’t have to feed your beloved ones to your pet. These guys will feed on just about everything from black worms to pellets. I would suggest keeping the pH around neutral and the water very clean. There are only a handful available, so be sure to “hook” them right up, and perhaps with time you’ll be raising a monster…

Bagarius bagarius

Is it a sturgeon? Or is it a catfish? You’ll be amazed to find out that Triplophysa siluroides is actually a loach - one of the largest in the family Balitoridae. Commonly known as the Royal Tibet Loach, these fish inhabit fast flowing, highly oxygenated waters in the mountains. This import is a very first for The Wet Spot, and all of our staff was eager to see this unusual creature feeding on its first meal. Much care is recommended as the Royal Tibet Loach grows to nearly 16”! Young fish can be fed a variety of prepared foods like high quality flake and frozen brine. I will warn you here, adults can potentially eat small fish. I wouldn’t keep them with your beloved Sawbwa resplendens “Naked Rummynose Rasbora”. Chances are they could become a meal later on!

Triplophysa siluroides

Now you know you’ve always wanted to own a dragon. How about adding Tachysurus fulvidraco “Tawny Dragon Cat”? This water dweller may not breathe fire, but it can live outside during the summer months. These wonderful cats can take temperatures as low as 60 degrees. Reaching up to 14”, I don’t think it would be a great idea to keep them with your slow moving koi though. They may not be able to eat them, but they will certainly nibble the fins and chew off scales. It is believed that the juices and meats of these large fish are a great medicinal tonic. Perhaps, this is why the Chinese simmer them into their stews! As a fish keeper I could never eat something I raised!

Tachysurus fulvidraco

This concludes the notes for the week. I hope all of you have a wonderful Thanksgiving. We will return to our regular shipment schedule on Monday. If any of you have any questions or concerns, please ask. I would like to thank Animal Planet for being awesome and continuing our education. Have a great weekend!

Anthony Perry
Sales Manager

December 07, 2011

 

Here’s how it all began…

About 9 years ago, I walked into the coolest aquarium store I had ever laid eyes upon on. This place had everything I had dreamed about as a kid. My first experience at the shop would be one of the most memorable in my life. I would walk up and down each row, of the then only 5 rows of fish tanks, and look at all the beautiful fish. Yet, in this small space, there were fish that most people had never seen - let alone heard of. And from then on, I would spend every Thursday bugging every manager for a job. I finally got my chance six years ago….

A lot has changed in the past six years. The Wet Spot now has over 1000+ aquariums within its walls and is the largest freshwater store west of the Rockies. And as for me, I’ve grown from loving Pictus Cats (Pimelodus pictus) to keeping and successfully breeding Pelvicachromis taeniatus “Wouri”. No, I am not the master fish breeder that every hobbyist strives to be, but why would I need to be? After all, I work for one of the coolest stores in country. I’ve seen what most never have on a daily basis, and I’ve spent two years working and breeding fish on the African Cichlid breeder row. And that is how it all began.

This week I would love to point out some amazingly unique fish with hopes you’ll step outside your comfort zone and try something a little different… just like I did a few years ago.

I’ve kept a wide range of fish in my years. As many of you know, I have been on a Labyrinth fish binge lately. So, why stop now? It may surprise you to know that Macropodus spechti “Black Paradise Fish” (also known as Macaropodus concolor) may have been one of the first aquarium fishes kept in a home… or dojo in this case. The Japanese have been transplanting these little guys from Vietnam for nearly 300 years now into their fish bowls! Well, thanks to my love for unusual fish, I was able to get a group of these onto our order sheets. They’ve been here for a few weeks now and are starting to get their beautiful red and black fins with that striking yellow on the ventral fins against their elegant grey body. Of course, you’ll be thrilled to hear they’ll eat just about anything you give them. I’m going to recommend a good variety of frozen bloodworms and some flake to keep up their color and to get them to their almost 5” size.

Can you believe there is a tetra that spawns inside of caves instead of egg scattering? What? That’s right, Poeciliocharyx weitzmani “Black Darter Tetra” actually lays its eggs on the roof of caves. Males grow to around 1.5” and can be found guarding small territories outside small cavernous enclosures. I would often observe mine flaring their beautiful sail-like dorsal fins at one another. Their mouths popped open as if ready to take on their challenger. But even through this entire ‘bad boy’ display it would be all for show. They are rather peaceful with one another. I would almost say they couldn’t harm a glassworm, but that’s certainly not the case, since they love eating these foods!  

Poeciliocharyx weitzmani

There have definitely been fish that stand out when they first come in. I can still remember the streamline body and the extended caudal fin on Synodontis brichardi “Brichard’s Cat”. Inhabiting fast flowing streams and rivers of the Democratic of the Congo, these fish spend most of their day eating algae off of rocks and of downed branches. S. brichardi is a highly adaptable fish when it comes to water conditions. I used to keep mine with my Mbuna cichlids of Lake Malawi, but they can even go with your community tank without causing harm to most of your mid-sized fish. It is a sight to see these 6” beauties’ cruising in the water flow of the power head!

Synodontis brichardi

It seems like yesterday when I was staring with envy at the tanks at the store. Although, the years have passed and I climbed the ranks from being a tank monkey to the Online Sales Manager, I still have the passion that I did nearly a decade ago. A big part of it is because I work for a company that continues to bring in the new and unusual stuff. There is no doubt that having something exciting and new to see every week keeps the spark of all those years ago going bright. So, The Wet Spot will continue to be the supplier of the “new and unusual” and will fill your aquariums with such items you won’t find anywhere else. A new shipment just arrived and there are certainly items you most likely have never seen before. Be sure to check the products link below for our current list. Until next week my fishy friends!

Anthony Perry
Sales Manager

November 15, 2011

Welcome to this week’s Wet Spot Tropical Fish newsletter.

I’m sure many of you are aware by now that I love South American “Eartheaters”. Over the years as a hobbyist, I have kept several of these species. I find them to be very rewarding and often very personable with its keeper. Today I want to discuss some of the differences of the Satanoperca family, which are also known as the Demon Eartheaters. The name, Satanoperca, translates from the ancient Tupi word for “Satan’s Perch”. I remember my first glimpse of these unique fishes from the Amazon…

Most of these fish will grow to around to around 8” in size. Although, I have grown them up in smaller tanks of 50-gallons or less, I still believe they should be kept in a tank of adequate size once they start to reach adulthood. Many of these fish are susceptible to the infamous hole in the head disease (also known as HITH). It is believed this disease is caused by malnutrition. The way I see it is that I personally do not like eating the same thing on a regular basis, so why should fish be any different. Provide these fish with a well-balanced diet for optimal health. Now these fish may be large in size but they actually filter out microscopic organisms from the substrate - hence the name Eartheater. It is very important to feed small foods like frozen daphnia or baby brine because of this. Sand should also be the ideal substrate to allow the Eartheater to feed properly.

The tank should be well filtered and cleaned on a regular basis. My ideal set up was always two large canisters and a sponge filter. About once a week, I would do a 25% water change. By doing this the fish not only grew faster, but were much more lively and colorful. Now because these guys like to dig, I suggest you don’t keep fragile plants. But, I found that with a good constant diet you can keep stronger plants like Wisteria, Anubius, and Java Ferns. The tank should also have smooth rocks or roots to allow for hiding places. These fish are generally shy, but with a well set up tank and a dither fish or two, they will be out and about in no time.

Many of you are familiar with the common Satanoperca jurupari. These fish were first described by Heckel in 1840 and were given the name jurupari, which translates from the Tupi word “forest demon”.

Satanoperca jurupari

The people feared the demon, Jurupari, who could take many forms. He would lure fisherman to their deaths by taking the body of the long-snouted and “mouthbrooding” cichlids. It was believed that because these fish kept their babies in the mouth this was unnatural and, therefore, the work of the demon God. The batch we now have is wild caught from Peru and ready to lure you to their domain…

Satanoperca jurupari

Lurking there beneath the shadows you’ll find another form of S. jurupari that is known as Satanoperca leucosticta “Speckled-faced Demonfish”. S. leucosticta is very similar in appearance to S. jurupari. However, like the name translates, the face of leucosticta has white to blue spots covering the fish, mainly found in the face.

Satanoperca leucostitcta

These fish grow to about the same size of around 7”. In my opinion, this is a much better looking fish then the common jurupari. Either one of these two fish would look great with a school of Inpaichthys kerri “Blue Emperor Tetras”.

Satanoperca leucosticta

As the year’s pass and my fish keeping skills advance, I decided to keep a more difficult species of the latter. Satanoperca daemon “Spotted Demonfish” is a little more sensitive with its water quality. They prefer black water that is very acidic and hotter than the typical tropical temperature. I kept mine in a pH of around 5.5-6.0 and a temperature of 86-88 degrees!

Satanoperca daemon

My first experience with these was extremely rewarding. I had obtained a group of nine wild fish that were about 1.5” in length. They were housed in a 50-gallon aquarium with a few other Geophagus until they were too big for their home. I found that a variety of foods from baby brine to Omega One’s Super Color Cichlid Pellets (also sold at through the store) gave them optimal health. I had been told that Geo’s are slow growing, but in no time my fish were approaching 5” -- it had barely been a year. During the time that I housed these fish, I found them to be very peaceful, even among themselves. They were kept with a variety of smaller fishes and I never had a problem with the bigger fish trying to eat the smaller ones.

Satanoperca daemon

In conclusion, despite what the ancient race of the Tupi people believed, Satanoperca fishes are definitely not the demon they were believed to be. If you ask me, I think Angelfish should be called that! I mean, unless you don’t want to keep your smaller fish around. I would like to thank my friend Wayne Leibel for his knowledge and insight for these notes. I would also like to thank Lee Newman for his articles in cichlidae.com. As always be sure to check the products link to find the sizes and prices available on all three of these gorgeous Eartheaters, as well as the rest of our extensive list. Until next week my fish friends!

Anthony Perry

Sales Manager

November 30, 2011

 It was suggested by one of my readers to revisit one of my pervious notes. Back in August, I wrote about the Filamentosa barb group of India. Today, I would like to discuss a setup that can include some smaller fishes from this area that will thrive in your aquarium.

This week’s fish are not only elegant but also full of splendor. India’s pH is often neutral (7.0). And many of you are probably thinking that with a neutral pH, it will be easy to succeed in their husbandry. Although the pH may be easy to master, it doesn’t mean their habitats will be. One can find areas of overly vegetated forest pools to highly-oxygenated mountainous streams. The fish I mention below can come from either of these areas. Continue to read carefully to see what may be a great addition for your tank.

Labyrinth fish have really been catching my eye these last couple of weeks. I’ve been scanning the order sheets for different or oddball Gouramis and Betta species that I hope many of you will enjoy just as much as I do. At home, I have kept Sphaerichthys acrostoma “Sharpnose Chocolate Gouramiand Ctenops nobilis “Noble Gourami”. These fish would be the anchor for a deep love that I would develop for Labyrinths. Today, I find myself more and more drawn to a rather common gourami, the Trichogaster chuna “Honey Dwarf Gourami” (known until recently as Colisa chuna). They can be found in still moving swamps and ditches “spitting” water missiles at unexpecting insects. They are one of the smallest in their family, reaching a total length of no more than 2”. It is definitely the males that bring the attention to your eye. The natural wild forms are a brilliant orange with a black blaze running down the ventral side. Its turquoise cheeks compliment the brilliant yellow dorsal stripe quite well. Unfortunately, the female was not blessed with beauty. She is mainly a light brown to grey color. They are very peaceful and perfect for smaller tank mates. These would be an excellent choice for the beginning hobbyist trying to learn how to breed Labyrinth fish!

Trichogaster chuna

Now you’ll need something to keep these little fellas company. The Oreichthys crenuchoides “Drape Fin Barb” is often very shy. Therefore, by adding these fish with the little Honey Dwarf Gouramis you’ll be helping the two without them even knowing it. The smaller Drape Fin’s will appreciate having a “dither” fish above them and the gouramis will love having someone to hang out with. These fish are found in the famous Buxar Tiger Reserve in the state of West Bengal. Stocking the aquarium heavily with plants will keep the 1.5” males out and displaying the “sails” of their dorsal fins to the females. Though they will accept dried foods, I do not recommend this to be their only diet. Feeding live or frozen brine shrimp will not only bring up the fishes natural body weight, but will allow for their yellow coloration to become even more astonishing!

Oreichthys crenuchoides

Moving on to the faster flowing streams and rivers of Myanmar (close enough to India, right?), we come across a very popular fish among hobbyists. Garra flavatra “Panda Log Sucker” is found in the Rakhine Yoma and Arakan mountains. Here the vegetation is referred to as scarce with pebbles and stones comprising most of the area’s habitat. Due to its body structure and with the name of Panda Log Sucker, one may think it an algae eater. This is not true at all. In nature, they are actually found feeding on invertebrates. I have found this to be true in the home aquarium as well. Feeding frozen brine shrimp encourages a feeding frenzy among the group! This is the largest batch I have ever seen at 3” plus size!

Garra flavatra

The last fish I would like to mention this week is yet another first for us here at The Wet Spot. I will warn you here that though they may look cute and harmless, Aborichthys elongatus “Red Tail Squirrel Loach” can actually be rather destructive in an aquarium. They apparently are excellent diggers! Because of this excavating instinct, it is highly recommended to secure all decorations in the aquarium. You must be mindful about the fishes’ natural urge to want to get under objects. Outside of this possibly mildly annoying habit for all you planted tank owners, these fish are rather peaceful among other fish. Every once in a while you’ll see males disagreeing among each other only to find them cuddled up later in the same hole. Another great attribute of these little guys (they only grow to around 3”) is that they are easy to tell the males apart from the females. The males have less barring on the body with a red tail, while females are completely barred with the same red tail. Again, these fish love fast flowing streams, so keep the current up!

Aborichthys elongatus Male

Aborichthys elongatus Female

This will do it for the week. Hopefully, this inspired and educated you into possibly adding something new to your aquarium. Take a look at the products link provided at the bottom of the page for the current fish list. As always, be sure to ask any questions you may have. I would also like to take a moment and thank my new assistant, Jessica Supalla, for all the hard work she’s been doing. Jessica has taken over catching the fish and is helping with the packing. I continue to oversee the overall operation. Together, we have teamed up to get your orders out faster and more efficiently, without compromising quality. Thanks again Jessica!   Everyone have a great week!

Anthony Perry

Sales Manager

November 10, 2011

 

The United Mexican States, commonly known as Mexico, covers 760,000 square miles and is bordered by North and South America. The Pacific Ocean is to the west, and the Caribbean Sea is to the east in the Gulf of Mexico. There are an estimated 112 million people living within the states making it the eleventh most populated country. There are over 200,000 different species of animals within the Mexican borders. And 2,500 of these amazing animals are under protection from the Mexican government.

One of my favorite fruits is found here. The Avocado Tree (Persea Americana), known locally as criollo, provides, of course, avocados. This delicious pear-shaped fruit is actually a large berry that contains a single seed. These fruits are often used in many food dishes. Of course, there is the infamous Mexican dip known as guacamole, but if you go further to the west to Indonesia, you’ll find a wonderfully amazing desert drink called Indonesian-style avocado milkshake with chocolate syrup. Yummy!

Enough about ethnic foods, let’s get back to the whole reason for this week’s newsletter at The Wet Spot Tropical Fish. Swimming around the major water systems in the Rio Papaloapan and Rio Coatzacoalcoss of Mexico one can find a bright orange giant by the name of Petenia splendida “Red Bay Snook”. These large cichlids can grow up to 18” in length. They are considered to be moderately aggressive and can be kept with cichlids of similar nature. However, caution should be taken when choosing tank mates. These fish are equipped with a very unique mouth that has a protractible jaw. This allows the mouth to extend the jaw very far outwards and enables the fish to swallow its victims whole! I wouldn’t worry about having to rely on feeding only live foods. The Red Bay Snook will eagerly accept pellets and other prepared foods. The pH should be maintained above 7.0 and the carbonate hardness level high.

Petenia splendida

Moving to highlands of the Rio Verde Valley, you’ll find another visually pleasing cichlid. Herichthys bartoni is generally a brown or green color with a black stripe running horizontally across the body. When this fish starts to breed, both the male and female turn black with a white blaze running down their back. They are found in the Media Luna Lagoon, which has a high alkaline pH of almost 8.0. Males of the species can reach up to 7” and the females 4.5”. Though they are a larger cichlid that feed opportunistically, H. bartoni favors a diet of algae. They are known to be extremely aggressive towards other fish and should be only kept in larger tanks with appropriately sized fish. Watching a pair guarding their fry will please any hobbyist, despite what skill level you may be!

Herichthys bartoni

One of my earliest childhood memories is of Thorichthys meekii “Firemouth Cichlid” schooling with each other in my father’s 125-gallon aquarium. There is no doubt these fishes are unmistakably one the most recognized in the tropical fish hobby.I want to tell you about another Thorichthys species you may not be aware of. Thorichthys pasiones is almost always found in nature living side by side to the ever so popular Firemouth. T. pasiones does not appear to be a picky eater and feeds on just about anything. I would recommend a diet of high quality flake and frozen bloodworms for the best coloration. These wonderfully peaceful cichlids grow to around 6”. I would suggest keeping these with our wonderful selection of Poecilia sphenops.

Thorichthys pasiones

That concludes this week’s fish south of the Rio Grande. I would like to thank Juan Miguel Artigas Azas and Don Danko for their articles that helped me write this. Make sure to check the products link below for the current stock list. I would also like to mention we have in stock once again a very beautiful choice of the rare Bagroides melapterus "Harlequin Lancer Cat". Like always be sure to ask any questions you may have. Be sure to check in next week!

Bagroides melapterus

Anthony Perry

Sales Manager